Roman bronze coin, 330 – 340 AD with Romulus and Remus
Roman bronze coin, 330 – 340 AD.
Obverse: Helmeted and cuirassed bust of the personification of Rome looking left, with the legend VRBS ROMA (city of Rome) around.
Reverse: She-wolf to left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, crescent moon below with the beginning of the mint mark PLG. The reference is to the foundation myth of Rome in which Romulus and Remus are abandoned on the banks of the river Tiber and raised by a she-wolf. Romulus goes on to found the city of Rome and reign as its first king.
Artist: Unknown die engraver at the mint of Lugdunum (today Lyon, France).
Origin: The mint mark PLG, most of which is off the flan, indicates that this coin was struck at the mint in the city of Lugdunum.
Materials and method: Struck in bronze from engraved dies; with time the bronze has developed an attractive brown patina.
Dimensions: 16 mm diameter.
Weight: 2.03 gm.
Date of creation: 330-340 AD. The issue of this coin type was initiated during the reign of Constantine the Great (306 – 337 AD).
Condition: Extremely fine.
Stock no: C017
Other comments: This coin was struck to commemorate the city of Rome at the time that Constantine the Great moved the capital of the Roman Empire eastward to Constantinople (previously called Byzantium and now known as Istanbul). The issue of this type was accompanied by another type celebrating the city of Constantinople. The two types together were perhaps a way of paying respects to both cities, despite the fact that one of them was being demoted. Issuing these types in a low value bronze coin was also a way of spreading the “news” to ordinary people across the far reaches of the empire.
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